Types of children bicycles

It is commendable that many parents try to accustom their children to a bicycle from a young age. This helps the kids to develop coordination of movements, helps to strengthen the muscles and allows you to spend a lot of time in the fresh air. Therefore, it is useful to consider what kinds of children’s bicycles can be found in the modern market, and which ones will suit your child the best.

Types of bikes

First of all, bicycles are divided according to the type of design, depending on the age of the child for whom they are intended. There is a special table in relation to the baby’s height and the size of the wheels. Together with the wheels, the frame also corresponds to the height. For example, when choosing a bicycle, you need to consider that the frame should be no more than 10 cm from the crotch of the baby in a standing position. A distance of the legs to the pedals is also important. The feet should be freely reachable to the pedals in their lower position. And you need to reach the paddles with the middle of the sole, and not the toes.

Basically, children’s bikes can be divided into 5 types:

• Three-wheeled;

• Two-wheelers for kids from 1.5 to 3 years (up to 100 cm);

• For children from 3 to 5 years (up to 115 cm);

• Almost teen models for children from 5 to 9 years (up to 130 cm);

• Externally similar to the adult MTB, but while reduced in size – from 8 to 12 years (above 130 cm).

Do not buy bicycles with the prospect that the child will grow. Each of these models is designed for children with a certain height and weight. Therefore, having bought a children’s bike for growth, your child is most likely not able to manage it because of the massive frame and insufficient height.


Many do not even consider this type of transport as bicycles. Yet, they are very popular among children from 1 to 3 years old. They do not have a chain, shifters and a speed switch. But, despite the simplicity of the design, these bikes are also divided into several types. Bikes for boys and girls differ only in color. This applies to children’s modifications of all ages. But functionally, there are several types of children’s tricycles.

The first one is a bicycle carriage. There are no pedals whatsoever in this model. It is designed for very young children whose age is less than 1 year. There is a long handle behind the back, thanks to which the parent controls it. Depending on the manufacturer and model, a visor and a seat belt are fitted to these bicycles.

There is a classic three-wheeled bike, where the kid himself turns the pedals, as well as a bicycle-transformer, which includes both pedals and a handle for parents. Thanks to this, after the child grows up, the handle can be removed and the kid can be allowed to operate the bike himself.

From 1.5 to 3 years

This type can fully be called a bicycle. To reduce the trauma of children, the design is as safe as possible. The frame is set up very low, so the child can sit comfortably and would not get damaged when jumping off the saddle. To maintain balance at the rear, two additional wheels are installed on both sides.

The chain and the sprockets have a special plastic or metal protection, so the child would not catch on to it with his trousers or put his foot in there. This type of bike strongly resembles old school children bikes.

From 3 to 5

It is remarkably similar to the previous group of bicycles. The difference is only in proportionally increased sizes. As a brake, there can be a foot-operated backstop mechanism as well as a handle on the handlebars. There is also chain protection and additional wheels. The frame can be made of both steel and aluminum. Each material has its advantages. The steel bike is stronger, and the aluminum one is lighter. Therefore, the bike should be selected from the characteristics of the child. As a rule, boys are bought steel, and for girls – aluminum.

From 5 to 9

At this age, the growth and weight of children is significantly increased, and their physical capabilities allow faster acceleration of their iron horse. Therefore, the bicycle must meet the stated requirements.

Brakes should be more reliable and responsive. This group of bikes often install the front V-brake. And the foot brake is also present. The fork is equipped with shock absorbers, and the wheels grow to 18-20 inches in diameter.

From 9 to 12 years old

Most similar to adult bikes. They are fitted with 24-inch wheels, full-bodied shock absorbers and at times even disc brakes. The frame corresponds to mountain bikes as much as possible. The only difference is in proportionally reduced size. The frame consists of two parts. There are special models for girls, where the upper crossbeam of the frame is lowered.

Non-standard models

There are modifications that have retained the principle of the bicycle, but have been redone for other modes of transport. For example, today in shops you can meet a children’s bicycle in the shape of a car. It usually has 4 wheels. Seating is the same as in the car – the back is thrown back, and the legs – forward. With the help of a steering wheel identical to a car, and pedals, all 4 wheels are set in motion.

Also there are children’s bicycles in the shape of a tractor, which can have 3 and 4 wheels. The child’s seating in most models is vertical. Often, a trailer is added to the bicycle in the shape of a tractor, which clings to the rear and can transport even the second child.

A bike in the shape of a motorcycle looks like a standard bicycle the most. It can be three or two-wheeled. All components and the principle of operation of the traditional bicycle are preserved. The effect of the motorcycle is only due to the plastic frame. These models are usually designed for children under 6 years.

How to choose children’s bicycle seat?


A bicycle is a convenient means of transportation for short and medium distances. The use of cycling includes daily trips for work and other business or just cruising around the area. A comfortable bicycle is equipped with numerous devices for the convenience of daily use. Various bicycle seats and bicycle trailers allow you to transport children from a very young age. Currently, there is a wide variety of bicycle seats.

How to choose a bicycle seat for a child to ensure safe transportation of the child?

Children’s bicycle seat is made of a steel frame and has proven safe materials (non-toxic plastics). This seat is specially designed for a comforable bike ride with your young children. Models differ by manufacturer’s brand and ways of how the seat is installed on a bike.

The main installation spots are:

• the pin under the saddle;

• bicycle frame;

• bicycle carrier.

Saddle on the bicycle handlebars

This modification is connected to the steering tube or to the front triangle. Such a bicycle seat is suitable for low-speed riding for small distances along bicycle trails, or any other roads with a flat surface.

Ways of installation:

• front upper pipe;

• lower front pin;

• body of the steering gear.

Advantages of the front saddle:

• Convenience in control;

• There is the possibility of constant monitoring of the child;

• Optimal visual view of the child;

• Lightweight design;

• Increased protection from pinching of the child’s feet between the spokes of the wheel;

• Adjustable seat belt;

• Ventilation opening;

• Increased depreciation;

• Free trunk.

Also, it is worth noting that the front bicycle seat is chosen for a bike with a rear shock absorber.

Disadvantages of the front saddle:

• Reduced safety for possible accidents and falls;

• Lack of pedaling comfort to a cyclist;

• The bicycle is narrow and firm, what brings discomfort for the child;

• Can withstand up to 15 kg.

Installation to the seat pin

Rear bicycle seat is attached to the pipe under the saddle – this is the most popular version of the child seat. It is attached with a special lock inserted into the ends of the suspension pins.

The main advantage is full depreciation: the seat is always suspended. For the installation of the seat, no additional fastening elements are required, in order to acquire a suitable chair; only the exact dimensions of the diameter and shape of the pin under the seat are required. It is considered the best option for safe and comfortable transportation of the child.

Main advantages:

• Available cargo transportation up to 23 kg;

• Easy to install / dismantle;

• Increased strength;

• Fixing the back of the seat;

• There is a compartment for the helmet;

• Presence of ventilation;

• Ease of planting;

• Universal – suitable for many modifications of the bike;

• Reliable depreciation;

• Can be used instead of the trunk.


• Only side views are available;

• Lack of tracking without special rear-view mirrors;

• Can not be installed to a bicycle with rear shock absorbers, as this may damage the parts.

Installation to the trunk

The seat installed on the trunk is suitable for flat dirt tracks and bicycle paths. It is mounted on the trunk box, so this type of chair can only be installed on a sturdy system. It is considered a simple and universal tool with a single minus – a complete lack of depreciation.

Advantages of fastening:

• Withstands a physical weight of up to 25 kg;

• Suitable for most cycling modifications.


• Absence of depreciation;

• Low degree of comfort and safety of the child.

If there is a question of which bicycle seat for children to choose on the bicycle, you can buy a universal seat complete with parts for attaching to the trunk and seat post.

Design of the bicycle saddle

Universal design of the bicycle seat:

• Side protective barriers;

• Adjustment of the passive safety device;

• Soft laying on the entire seating area;

• Adjustable footrest;

• Belt for fixing feet;

• An arc of attachment to cycling;

• Adjusting the angle of inclination with additional holes in the back of the seat;

• Equipped with a system to adjust the height of the backrest.

Required accessories for protection

There are three common degrees of safety for a child’s bicycle seat:

  • Belt that fixes the pelvic area of the child – strapping to the bicycle seat with additional plastic clips for the legs.

When falling, there is a risk of injury to the upper and lower extremities.

  • Foot fastener – the child is fastened to the bicycle seat with a special belt, the legs are located on the step.

If you fall, there is a risk of injury to your hands.

  • Full fixation of the child with seat belts. The child is held by the built-in belts.

This protection is considered to be the most reliable, serious injury is unlikely, possibly a minor injury if a serious fall.

The basic rules for choosing a bicycle seat

When choosing a bicycle seat, you need to pay attention not only to the brand and price of the product, but also to details that will ensure the comfort and safety of the passenger.

• The first thing to look at is a high level of protection – the smaller a child is, the safer the security system;

• Soft gasket on the seat;

• Notch for protective helmet;

• Footrest;

• Light reflectors for walking in the evening or cloudy weather.

When choosing a seat, it is better to choose items with anatomical forms, high back, side curtains and soft inner liners, then a ride with a young cyclist will be as safe as possible and will not cause discomfort.